Compare in Superlative

Comparisons Comparatives and superlatives
A. Forms
1. Regular one-syllable adjectives
a. add -erand -estto the adjective:
Adjective> Comparative> Superlative:
cheap> cheaper than> the cheapest (barato>más barato que>lo más barato)
Other examples: clean, dark, light, short, tall, slow
b. add -rand -stto adjectives ending in -e:
late later the latest
Other examples: large, loose, safe, strange, wise
c. double the consonant of adjectives ending in a short vowel and a consonant, and add -erand -est:
thin thinner the thinnest
Other examples: fat, sad, wet, red, big, hot, fit

2. Regular adjectives with more than one syllable
a. use moreand mostin front of the adjective:
sincere more sincere the most sincere

Other examples: boring, careful, modem, comfortable
b. change -y to -i and add -er and -estto adjectives ending in -y after a consonant:
happy happier the happiest
Other examples: dirty, friendly, funny, noisy, tidy, silly
c. a limited number of two-syllable adjectives can form the comparative and superlative in two ways:
stupid stupider the stupidest
more stupid the most stupid
Other examples: clever, common, polite, quiet, gentle
d. most adverbs form their comparative and superlative with moreand most:
quietly more quietly the most quietly
a limited number have comparative and superlative forms with -er (or -r) and -est (or -st)
fast faster the fastest


Other examples: early, hard, late, long, soon
3 a Irregular forms: adjectives
good better the best
bad worse the worst
far farther/further the farthest/furthest
old older/elder the oldest/eldest
b Irregular forms: adverbs
well better the best
badly worse the worst
little less - the least
much more the most
c Irregular forms: determiners
little less the least
few fewer the fewest
much/many more the most
B Use

1. To talk about people or things that are different in some way we use:
a. Comparative forms of adjectives/adverbs + than.
I think listening is more difficult than reading.
·For small differences use a bit,a little, slightly. You need to work a little harder.
·For big differences use much, a lot, far, significantly.
My new car's much faster than my old one.

b. Superlative forms of adjectives/adverbs:
That's the nicest thing you've said to me all day.
·To emphasize the difference between one person or thing from all the others we can use by far:
This is by farthe best book I've ever read.

c. Less ... than andthe least
Rugby is less popular than football here.
That's my least favourite track on the album.

2. As ... as
a. For people or things that are the same in some way we use as + adjective/adverb + as.
She's as intelligent as her sister.
·Almost, nearly, just, twice, three times, etc can be used to qualify the comparisons.
There were nearly twice as many people at the party as last year.

b. So can replace the first as in negative sentences.
It's not so difficult as I thought it would be.
·Quite and nearly can be used to qualify negative sentences of this type.
Her new film isn't nearly as bad as her last one. (= her new film is much better than her last one)
He 's not quite so impatient as his brother.
(= he's a little more patient than his brother)

c. The same+ noun + as
My mum's the same age as my dad.


3. The + comparative, the + comparative We use this structure for things which occur together.
The more money I have, the faster I spend it.